In Conversation with Andy Serkis

Andy Serkis discusses his career; both where he began, and where he is headed

To play performance capture roles you need to study every movement of the creature you are to become. You need to put in painstakingly hard work and have a meticulous eye for detail. Andy Serkis has been at the forefront of this for over 16 years, a longevity that deserves overwhelming praise. But he is hanging up his performance capture suit for now in favour of sitting in the director’s chair.

It’s early on Friday, October 27, in Media City, Salford. Andy is bearded, in a black leather jacket and jeans. A radio interview completed, he strolls into the cafe, the strain of tirelessly promoting his debut film, Breathe, visible under his eyes. Yet the moment our conversation began he perked up dramatically.

From playing The Fool in a stage performance of King Lear to Gollum in The Lord of the Rings: there are few who could make such a transition. Serkis has a versatility that very few actors possess. Not only that but is renowned for being one of Hollywood’s nicest men, with a true passion for film.

‘I love the power of the shared experience. Watching people go through an experience together and being totally transported by characters in whatever world they exist in. That you are moved and educated and changed by something that is an emotionally powerful experience.’

16 years ago was a different world, franchises and universes were few and far between and CGI was in its infancy. People were skeptical when Lord of the Rings was announced, the 1978 animated version still leaving a sour taste in their mouths.

Serkis wasn’t interested in the role at first. Three weeks of voice work for a CG chapter in New Zealand, ‘it sounded dull as hell. There must be a dozen good roles in this film.’ Then he started looking at the book and his opinion flipped, ‘Oh my god, this is amazing, he’s the best character in it’. Serkis auditioned and the rest, they say, is history.

There have been very few moments in cinema where you witness the birth of a star: Natalie Portman in Leon: The Professional, Tom Cruise in Top Gun, Robert Redford in Butch Cassidy and the Sundance Kid. In the Fellowship of the Ring when we meet Gollum the audience can’t help but ask the question: who the hell is that? His movement and acting seemed so innovative yet so natural.

2001 seems a far cry away from today. Just like The Lord of the Rings is a far cry from Breathe, his directorial debut. ‘When you’re telling a story as a director you are also creating the world of the story and how you choose to frame it.’ he says, pausing to take a sip of water, adding ‘In terms of is it naturalistic or documentary style or cinematic or poetic? You’re making all these choices.’

This new world of directing can be overwhelming, but Serkis had training, working as second unit director on the second and third Hobbit films. ‘In The Hobbit I was serving Peter Jackson’s vision for the most part. I did big aerial shots, battle sequences and dramatic scenes, it was a very full-on exposure to directing.’

A large part of that work involved green screens, and often he didn’t see the results until months later. The focus was on directing people not performances. ‘Whereas for Breathe, I was very much focussing on the performances, the joy of really seeing what you’re shooting was very special.’ He could take the broad techniques he’d learnt and really focus them down.

‘Obviously on smaller scale films, you don’t have the budget and support as you do with a big studio, you have to be very creative. There are often things that can twist and turn and go wrong in a small movie and you have to roll with the punches and dance around those.’

In making Breathe, Serkis has learned a lot more about directing, and strives to improve. ‘I’d like to have more confidence in leaving the camera in and getting the shots purely from performance, having that confidence and trust in your actors to carry your vision.’

His next film, The Jungle Book, is actually one he began first. Having so many A list actors, they could only find a short window of time for filming with all of them, so the motion capture work was finished long before the rest of the film. Then it was time for principal photography, on real locations and sets.

‘In our minds we had a cut of the film so we knew how we were going to use the animals in those real locations having filmed the performances.’ In a way this is very similar to the Hobbit, in that you can only imagine the end result while shooting. ‘You don’t see what it will eventually look like till a year into post production, that was a big challenge.’

Serkis wasn’t nervous about the performance of his Kipling adaptation, as it comes so soon after Jon Favreau’s version. ‘I think it’s tonally so different from Favreau’s. Ours is a lot darker and much closer to the tone of Kipling’s original book. Rather than live action we used performance capture so it was shot on real locations. It wasn’t CG animals in a CG world.’

‘The story of ours is a lot different, as it focusses on Mowgli’s identity. It’s about a boy who’s a feral child, brought up with animals and has a sort of idyllic childhood, but then realises the laws of the jungle don’t work for him fully. Instinctively because he’s a human being he finds himself challenging that but also in the world of man, the customs and ways of man, cannot ultimately stop his instincts of, well, an animal. He has to create his own identity and that what our film is about.’

After convincing me that his version is worlds apart from Favreau’s he jibes ‘Look, we live in a culture where we’ve had three Spider-man’s in the last ten years, so I don’t think people will have a problem with watching a different Jungle Book. With any great classic work, such as Hamlet with Benedict Cumberbatch and Tom Hiddlestone, or the numerous adaptations of Charles Dickens, people are used to the idea of reinterpretations and new interpretations.’

A lot of his work rides the wave of technological advancements, but he thinks the industry is only getting started. ‘I think performance capture usage is still in its infancy. It’s being used predominantly in big budget blockbuster movies, because of the cost of the technology. With the rendering costs coming down and using video game engines, such as Unreal, in the filmmaking process to get real time rendering, you can now use performance capture for television and even on stage.’

The stage, where Serkis plied his trade, building up his reputation before making the leap to film, is still a big part of his life. ‘My company, Imaginarium, has been working with the Royal Shakespeare Company on an actor portraying a character using performance capture on stage.’ When asked if he would consider going back to his roots he paused, look down at his glass of water and said ‘It’s been 15 years, I’m a little bit nervous about it, but I can definitely see it happening.’

So what’s next? Well he has plenty more in the pipeline, although not on stage just yet. ‘We’re working on Animal Farm by George Orwell and that will be a very interesting challenge in seeing how we create those characters. It’s really good use of the technology because you get all of the performance of human beings but translated into, not apes as they are fairly straightforward, but quadruped animals. We have been doing this with Jungle Book but Animal Farm will be taking this a lot further because we will see the pigs transform into almost human-like pigs.’

Some films are so technologically significant that they change cinema forever. James Cameron’s Avatar the most recent example, was almost solely responsible for every cinema changing from analog to digital projection. Cameron transported viewers into a CG world so revolutionary that the world they came back to was revolutionised as a result. George Orwell’s Animal Farm will be one of those films, paving the way for a fresh use of CG.

Another of those films was 2014’s Dawn of the Planet of the Apes. When all blockbusters around were hammered to fit through the same hole, Matt Reeves tried something truly different. It was essentially a foreign language film, with the language being that of the great apes, and Serkis was their leader.

As the first two of the trilogy was released, critics and audiences couldn’t believe what they were seeing, and there was discussion for a Best Actor Oscar nominations, but they never came. This year, with the release of the epic conclusion, that discussion is greater than ever before. ‘I can’t judge my own performance but there is certainly more discussion about it this year because it is a very central role. It’s also a role where there is a lot more dialogue, Caesar actually speaks and people can connect to that.’

Forever humble, he downplays the potential of a nomination, but insists that performance capture roles should get considered. ‘The process of acting is no different if you’re wearing costume and makeup or a performance capture suit with dots on your face. The performance isn’t created by someone else, it’s created by the actor, and how they manifest that character.’

‘You could say well, when John Hurt played the elephant man and got nominated for Best Actor, he was totally in disguise and it was created by a great team of artists. Their artistry was augmenting his performance, but only in the same was that digital artists are augmenting a performance. Not by changing the performance but by creating a digital mask. I’ve always maintained that what we do in a PC role isn’t different to any form of live action acting.

Only time will tell what happens at next year’s ceremony. For now Serkis is sneaking his way into more franchises, as Supreme Leader Snoke in Star Wars and as Ulysses Klaue in the Marvel Universe. ‘They approached me for the Avengers. It was because at Imaginarium we were working on the performance capture for the Hulk, with Mark Ruffalo and for Ultron, with James Spader. I also worked physically with Mark Ruffalo to embody the Hulk to greater effect, that was with Joss Whedon. Then Whedon approached me and said ‘Look Andy I’ve got this role and I’d love you to play it’, I couldn’t turn that down.’

From the trailers to next year’s Black Panther, it seems his character is among the main cast. To wrap our time together up I asked Serkis if this was it for Klaue, or whether he survives to be seen again. In return I got a coy smile, ‘I can’t really say that, but I can say he certainly makes his presence known.’

Review: Breathe

Andy Serkis’ debut film is a charming and uplifting real life tale

Andy Serkis is renowned for his acting in films such as The Lord of the Rings and King Kong but he takes a step back with Breathe. His first directorial effort, it is starkly contrasted with the performance capture heavy films he has previously been involved with. Regardless this is a very impressive debut and shows Serkis has plenty more to offer.

Serkis delves into polio for second time after his role as Ian Dury in Sex & Drugs & Rock & Roll. Now behind the camera, he tells the incredible true story of the man who sparked a change in the way the disabled were treated, from prisoners to the free. Andrew Garfield plays that man, Robin, an ever-jolly 28 year old seemingly has it all; a beautiful wife in Diana (Claire Foy), a child on the way, a great job in the thriving African tea business and a large social circle.

His life is turned upside down when, whilst working in Kenya, he contracts Polio, a disease all but wiped out in the Western World two years prior with the widespread use of Jonas Salk’s remarkable vaccine. Polio, for those unaware, paralyses the body from the neck down, with sufferers unable to breathe without apparatus. Garfield channels an entire body’s acting through just his head in a marvellous portrayal with Robin’s real life wife noting that he ‘even had the twinkle in his eye’.

The first act takes us on a breakneck journey, introducing us to Robin and every character and event that will influence the remaining runtime of the film. This furious pace inhibits the emotional connection with Robin’s suffering, the scenes showing his depression and wishing for death initially after he receives the disease should tug at the heartstrings but if it wasn’t for Garfield’s performance, the scene would have fallen entirely flat.

Thankfully the pace slows to a cantor from here on in. Diana, refusing to let her husband die locked away from the world, decides to break him out, much to the fury of the doctor who shouts he’ll ‘be dead in two weeks!’ With the effort of a merry band of friends Robin moves to an idyllic country house where he can enjoy the peace of the country, except for the ever-present wheeze of his respirator.

All the while the risk of suffocating is mere minutes away, shown when their yappy dog knocks the plug from the socket. Robin tries to shout for help but without air in his lungs nothing comes out. He can hear Diana in the next room with their son saying ‘Where’s Daddy?’ while he suffocated unbeknownst to her. When she finally enters the room and sees, horrified, an unconscious Robin, she plugs the ventilator back in and after a nervous few seconds he springs back to life. Garfield is sublime in this scene, the increasing desperation in his eyes with every moment that passes is haunting.

Now settled in the country, Robin decides he wants to travel freely, not tied to an extension cord, and here lies the point of massive historical significance. An entrepreneurial friend designs and builds what is essentially a wheel chair featuring a mobile, battery powered respirating unit. This contraption allows Robin to live a free life, to go where he wants to go.

There is a heartwarming scene where Robin, Diana, their adult son and friends travel to Spain. The respirator’s electrics are fried whilst driving down a rural country road and they have to take turns hand operating a smaller respirator while the original maker flies to fix it. During the wait a mass of locals come and by the time he arrives there is music playing, people dancing and an all round jolly time. Not one of them was scared of Robin’s appearance, if anything they liked him more.

Before the invention of the mobile wheelchair, people with disabilities were locked away in hospitals with an ‘out of sight, out of mind approach’. Polio will never allow you to live a full live, but because of Robin Cavendish and his determined wife Diana sufferers could live a happy life. Serkis captures the magic and charm of Robin’s extraordinary life, a life he well and truly lived.

Review: War for the Planet of the Apes

A strong end to the apes saga

There was always going to be a large, ape shaped shadow cast over each entry in the rebooted franchise. That famous last scene to the original has damned them to be second best regardless of their quality. Matt Reeves and his cowriter missed a trick with the ending and lost out on a ending that could have rivalled the original.

Caesar and his ape brethren are forced to live a nomadic lifestyle. They cannot settle too long or the ruthless human hunting party led by Colonel McCullough (Woody Harrelson) will slaughter them. His son returns from an expedition to find a new permanent home far away from San Francisco with the perfect candidate location. Many close to Caesar call for the immediate moving of the colony but he refuses, a move that costs the life of his wife and son and the eventual capture of the entire colony except him and his key advisors such as Maurice.

Whilst trying to seek revenge, he is himself captured and brought before McCullough, with his punishment among other things being to listen to an exhaustive lecture. It detailed the current state of mankind and a new disease which ironically turns people into what the primates were before ALZ-112. Harrelson tries with all his might to inject his lifeless lines with vigour but although he performs admirably, by far the most complex villain of the trilogy, it never quite materialises into anything more than a plot device for exposition. Having said that the manner in which he meets his demise was impressively well executed.

The plot was let down in other areas too such as its circumstantial development. When Caesar is tracking McCullough he tails the soldiers from afar. Three times in succession he gains the exact information he needs in the dying breath of both friend and foe. This manner of writing is unoriginal and chokes the life out of the narrative, detracting from the immersion Reeves tries to envelop the viewer in. Reeves should be praised however for using heavy themes such as concentration camps, slavery and biblical imagery. This coupled with the distinct lack of dialogue for large portions of the film make this a blockbuster film unlike any other. It tackles real issues, taking risks in the process.

War for the Planet of the Apes is a noticeable improvement on both its predecessor. Even the CGI which has been phenomenal so far got better with Maurice looking as real as his human counterparts. The biggest criticism I have it one that runs through all three films but is most prevalent here. Besides the small girl there were only a couple of female actresses peppered in the background of the film, and the only racial diversity was an albino silverback gorilla named Winter. How can a film that preaches togetherness, equality and acceptance of differences have so little gender and racial diversity?

From this point I will talk about my proposed alternate ending so there will be major spoilers, continue at your own peril. As the apes are escaping the stronghold during the human battle, the faction from the north are victorious. They watch the stronghold explode from outside its gates, thousands upon thousands of men. Caesar stands on a large boulder and they all turn to face him, each dressed in snow camouflage with masks covering their faces. Instead of an avalanche coming down the mountain and killing them all, and the tepid ending that follows, I would have liked to see Caesar rise up and roar. A roar that releases his anger about his wife and son’s death, his anger at his fellow ape’s slavery and murder, and the sadness at what a refusal of peace had cost him. Every member of the army in front of him would begin to remove their masks and camouflage to reveal themselves to be apes. Beginning one by one, then en masse, they put both arms in the air to form the together strong symbol. The camera pans across, showing thousands of apes forming the symbol before cutting to credits.

Some minor changes would have to be made in terms of the narrative in order to make this a watertight ending but the capacity for shock and awe is massive. Not only that but it will give the trilogy something it currently lacks, a reason to re-watch. Over 6 hours of film, multiple large scale battles and innumerable casualties for them to simply to move away from San Francisco. It was always going to be difficult to achieve what the original did for a climax, but it is hard not to be disappointed with how Reeves chose to conclude the series.

Review: Dawn of the Planet of the Apes

A disappointing second entry into the franchise

The first entry into the rebooted Planet of the Apes franchise, Rise, shocked viewers. Going in with no expectations they were rewarded with a largely enjoyable film, far from exceptional but deserving of a sequel. Now the initial wonderment of the motion capture has faded the flaws of the successor are exposed mercilessly.

What is particularly infuriating about these flaws is that they are the exact same ones present in the previous entry to the franchise. The most blatant of which is the gender diversity, or rather lack of. Again there is only one notable female character during the film and unsurprisingly, it’s a love interest who receives no attention besides the one scene in which she has utilitarian value. There was also the addition of an utterly forgettable and overly emotional son but fortunately as the writers do not seem to be fond of character development, any hopes of an explored family dynamic were short lived. His character could have been removed entirely and the narrative wouldn’t have to be changed at all.

After successfully solving the issue of gender, the writers then decided that they should progress onto race. Or rather they forgot about it, realised just before they were due to start filming and in a last minute effort to save face brought in a black actor to stand in the background of a few scenes, most notably swaying out of focus to The Band’s hit song The Weight. Quite frankly it is appalling that this is still an topic that has to be discussed. 1 in 17 people in San Francisco are black and 1 in 3 are asian, yet are we to assume that all but one of those people died?

A decade has passed since the Apes crossed the Golden Gate Bridge and the world is a very different place. Thanks to a questionable quality real news/inserted fake news compilation we learn that the virus has spread across the globe, with only 1 in 500 possessing genetic immunity. The world population is now 14 million and the once mighty San Francisco is reduced to a colony of a couple thousand.

In an attempt to regain constant power, a small group head for a dam on the edge of the city. Unbeknownst to them it is on the border of a thriving ape colony, which quickly captures them. Against the opinion of his left hand ape Kuba, Caesar helps the humans restore power in a peace offering. A decision that Kuba does not take well, storming off to spy on the humans, looking for something to stir up anger. He finds just that, humans are stockpiling weapons and ammunition but when Kuba comes back, Caesar does not want to know. Kuba wants war, and after an apparent assassination of Caesar, a war he gets.

The subsequent battle we see is awe inspiring. The human colony is settled in an eternally-under-construction tower block and has one entrance, which they guard with all their might. Rather than climb into the tower from above and avoid any ape casualties they decide to send in the cavalry units to charge the main gate followed swiftly by the infantry for our enjoyment. Seeing 50 apes on horseback charging in formation while free firing machine guns is not something I knew I wanted to see, but as they appeared through the fog I was exhilarated.

That sums up Dawn for me, it is not a good film, barely mediocre, but it scratches a cinematic itch. The part of me that wants to see highly financed chaos and war, and is willing to sit through over two hours of insipid viewing to get there.

Review: Rise of the Planet of the Apes

Rise of the Planet of the Apes delivers far more than it promises

Rise of the Planet of the Apes is a movie that delivers far more than it promises. It is the reboot of Tim Burton’s financially successful but ill received reboot, and the only previous credits for director Rupert Wyatt are a few shorts and a handful of episodes of a Soap Opera. Yet the ground breaking special effects make this wonderfully entertaining and at times breathtaking.

Will Rodman (James Franco) is a scientist at San Francisco based biotech company Gen-Sys. His work involves researching and testing drugs that could ultimately be used to cure Alzheimer’s disease. One in particular shows incredible promise, ALZ-112, who’s name is derived using the film’s runtime combined with the disease’s name. Rodman’s fervour for finding a cure is largely due to his father, who suffers devastatingly from the disease.

After the program is shut down due to the havoc wreaked by an escaped primate with quite impeccable timing, the program, his life’s work, is terminated as well as all 13 test subjects. The lead subject of these trials, nicknamed ‘bright eyes’ because of the effect the drug had, is discovered to have been pregnant. Amazingly, the baby chimp survives and Rodman reluctantly agrees to take care of it. He didn’t know it yet but he was holding the downfall of mankind, and this was how it entered the world, not with a bang but with a whimper.

The effects on display here is quite astounding, with this being one of the first pictures using on-site motion capture. At times you will forget that these primates are completely digital, played by skilled ape impersonators such as Andy Serkis. SFX technology has progressed a long way since 2007’s Beowulf or even, shudder, 2004’s The Polar Express. The cold, dead eyes of Tom Hank’s have been transformed into vessels of vehemence, often far more than any character occupying physical space.

Sadly the faults do in fact lay with the humans. Both narrative nasties, David Oyelowo and Tom Felton, produce one dimensional lacklustre performances. Felton in particular simply resumes his role as Draco Malfoy, albeit it an American clone. Rodman’s character acquires a girlfriend part way through but she’s given less screen time and attention than his overly aggressive neighbour. It’s discouraging to see that she is the only female character with any significance, although for a blockbuster film, that shouldn’t be too surprising.

There is one scene that stands out above all, which left my mouth agape and my eyes wide. As Caesar initiates his plan to escape confinement, he enters a standoff with Felton in the primate enclosure. Felton charges, swinging an electrified baton and shocking him several times, knocking him to the floor. Regaining his balance, Caesar grabs Felton’s arm as he tries once again to shock him into submission, to which Felton shouts ‘Take your stinking paws off me you damn dirty ape’, a throwback to Apes of old. The music crescendos and Caesar rises, now becoming the dominator. He ferociously shouts the word ‘NO!’. It echoes from wall to wall and then silence. Everyone, even the hulking gorilla, is taken aback, in absolute petrification.

While the revival of the almost 50 year old  franchise will undoubtedly be joyous for some, this entry lacks the sociopolitical punch of the originals. It instead lightly prods the viewer, halfheartedly warning of the dangers of animal testing. A mostly uninspiring film, it is, ironically, saved by the rise of the apes.